Wireless Zigbee Explained
All Matter IoT Gateways come with Zigbee inside. This positions the gateway to be able to do a lot more than you know about Matter. With Zigbee inside Matter's gateway we can inter-operate with smart water meters, security devices, home automation systems, smart thermostats, smart lighting, aged care living devices. And much more. The Matter IoT gateway can do some really cools things. So what is Zigbee.
Zigbee is the wireless data communication language that everyday devices use to connect to one another. In fact, it is used in nearly all of the Victorian Smart Meters and could be in your home right now communicating to some smart devices.
ZigBee is the only global, standards-based wireless solution that can affordably control the widest range of devices to improve comfort, security and convenience for consumers. It is the technology of choice for world-leading service providers, installers and retailers who bring the benefits of the Internet of Things into the Smart Home.
It was was conceived in 1998, standardized in 2003, and revised in 2006. It is a IEEE 802.15.4-based data communication protocols used to create personal area networks with small, low-power digital radios, such as for home automation. It is intended to be simpler and less expensive than other wireless networks such as Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.
Main uses for Zigbee include wireless light switches, home energy monitors and other consumer and industrial equipment that requires short-range low-rate wireless data transfer. Typical use cases include:
- Home Entertainment
- Home Automation
- Smart Lighting
- Wireless sensor networks
- Industrial control
- Embedded sensing
- Medical data collection
- Smoke and intruder warning
- Building automation
Zigbee's low power consumption limits transmission distances to 10–100 meters line-of-sight, depending on environmental characteristics. Zigbee devices can transmit data over long distances by using a mesh network of intermediate devices to reach more distant ones.
The Zigbee advantage is the Zigbee protocol which is designed to communicate data through hostile radio environments that are common in commercial and industrial application. Zigbee uses 128-bit keys to implement its security mechanisms.
see Zigbee Alliance for more information